- Gained independence from Spain in 1821
- Of the 52 presidents since then, only 3 have been military men and only six could have been considered dictators.
- Abolished itís army in 1949
- about the size of West Virginia
- Population just over 3 million
- Bananas and coffee are the major exports
- Over 12% of total land is preserved in national parks and private reserves.
- National park system was created in 1969
- Mario Boza first director of National Parks
- agronomist by trade
- Marioís thesis was on how a national Park could be designed and operated
- Poas Volcano was first national Park and Bozaís work was the basis
- Alvardo Ugalde biology student and second director of national parks for twelve years.
- In 1994 tourism surpassed bananas as the primary source of revenue
- five major geographic areas:
- Pacific Coast
- Arid Northwest
- Caribbean lowlands
- Volcanic cordillera
- Talamanca Range
- Corcovado National Park
- Founded in 1986
- the largest of all Costa Ricaís national parks
- 400 species of insects
- 500 types of trees
- 2/3 the number found in all of North America
MANUAL ANTONIO NATIONAL PARK
- Named for an early colonial Figure
- 35 % of itsí land is owed to a local wealthy family
- Home of Central American squirrel monkey which is very close to extinction.
- Possibly the best place on Costa Rica to see a three toed sloth
- The Harpy Eagle is the slothís natural enemy Manuel Antonio is toos mall a park to maintain a population of Harpy eagles so the sloth is multiplying at a rapid rate.
- Sloths are among the most abundant creatures in the rain forest. As many as 8 per hectare. They climb down from their trees once a week , dig a hole, and deposit their feces. No one knows why they do this, since it makes them more vulnerable to their enemies.
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